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Posted by / 09-Nov-2017 18:12

Black diaspora communities dating

“When once were dispersions, there now is Diaspora”[i].As illustrated by this quote, the notion of Diaspora underlines the specificity of some migration phenomenon, thereby contributing to make sense out of certain transnational movements.Three main periods can be identified, when it comes to giving an overview of the history of African Diasporas.Historically, the first wave of forced African migrations began during the Transatlantic Slave Trade (16th-19th century).Later on, in the biblical tradition, it was used to discuss the dispersal of the Jewish People.Since the 1980s-90s, Diasporas have become the focus of numerous academic research and publications in the field of social sciences, gradually referring to more and more different communities around the world.Fleeing from broken and breakable states, wars, hopeless poverty or political persecution became a major cause of emigration, up until today[vii].This wave of African emigration influences all parts of societies, and the sociological profiles of the migrants are very diverse, as Africans of all hierarchies, occupations and age groups can be found.

According to the African Union, the African Diaspora is composed of “people of African origin living outside of the continent, irrespective of their citizenship and nationality, and who are willing to contribute to the development of the continent and the building of the African Union”[v].This diaspora is mainly the product of “voluntary migrations”.Among the members of this generation of migrants, the subsistence of ties with the country of origin and their nature is rather fluctuating.Today, Diasporas can be defined as “national migrant communities living in interaction among themselves and with their country of origin”[iii].The notion of diaspora must be distinguished with other phenomenon of migration, as the importance of the ties between members of the Diasporas and their country of origin is prevalent.

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The colonial period, from the mid XIX° century up until the 1960s, contributed to creating strong, although very unequal, ties between Africa and Europe.